Bishop Pawn Endgame

Introduction:- Bishop vs. Pawn endgames are not so complex as compared to Knight vs. pawns. Here in this article, lone Bishop vs. pawns will be discussed primarily.

Plans:- General plan of the side having a Bishop is to occupy a diagonal from where it control the queening square-square to which pawn is promoted to Queen. Whereas, side with pawns tries to foil the plan using its timely placement of King

Case-I :- Lone Bishop vs. single pawn

Lone Bishop vs. single pawn is often a draw. The Bishop either captures the pawn or simply gives a sacrifice to draw the game. However, Role king becomes pretty important. The two diagrams below are self exemplifying to some extent.

Here , the Bishop is controling g1-h7 diagonal and therefore pawn can’t be promoted. Thus, result is draw.

Here, the White king sitting on d4 forbids the desire of Bishop occupying the h1-a8 diagonal and therefore, the pawn can be promoted to Queen.

Role of King-

The king activity is of great importance in endgames let alone Bishop vs. pawn

Example-1

Example-2

Case II :- Bishop vs. split pawns

In this case chance of win for side with split pawns increases as it becomes extremely difficult for a Bishop to control two diagonals simultaneously. Of course, there is very important and active role of King into all this.

Let’s firs see the example below where how measurable the bishop is, as he can’t control the two diagonals as mentioned above

Importance of King activity

Inactive King- sitting far away-

Active King-sitting closure to pawn

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