Introduction:- Bishop vs. Pawn endgames are not so complex as compared to Knight vs. pawns. Here in this article, lone Bishop vs. pawns will be discussed primarily.
Plans:- General plan of the side having a Bishop is to occupy a diagonal from where it control the queening square-square to which pawn is promoted to Queen. Whereas, side with pawns tries to foil the plan using its timely placement of King
Case-I :- Lone Bishop vs. single pawn
Lone Bishop vs. single pawn is often a draw. The Bishop either captures the pawn or simply gives a sacrifice to draw the game. However, Role king becomes pretty important. The two diagrams below are self exemplifying to some extent.
Here , the Bishop is controling g1-h7 diagonal and therefore pawn can’t be promoted. Thus, result is draw.
Here, the White king sitting on d4 forbids the desire of Bishop occupying the h1-a8 diagonal and therefore, the pawn can be promoted to Queen.
Role of King-The king activity is of great importance in endgames let alone Bishop vs. pawn
Case II :- Bishop vs. split pawns
In this case chance of win for side with split pawns increases as it becomes extremely difficult for a Bishop to control two diagonals simultaneously. Of course, there is very important and active role of King into all this.